Spanish as a language

Collective, Concrete and Abstract Nouns in Spanish

The richness of Spanish grammar fascinates theorists and academics all over the world. Spanish vocabulary crosses borders and it is important to understand what we are talking about at any given moment in order to fully master the language.

Do you know collective, concrete and abstract nouns? And what about the common nouns in Spanish?

iScribo helps you to classify the nouns that cause the most confusion when expressing yourself in Spanish.

Concrete Nouns

Concrete nouns are nouns that refer to objects or entities that actually exist. To understand it better, they are tangible, real, physical things that “can be touched”.

They are the most common and have gender and number. Some examples to help you visualise it better are sofá (sofa), candado (lock) or máquina (machine).

La ventana del salón está abierta.

(The living room window is open.)

El avión va a despegar en un momento.

(The plane is going to take off in a moment.)

Abstract Nouns

Abstract nouns are intangible ones. To help you understand this better, imagine things that you cannot physically touch (although you can in a figurative sense, like felicidad – happiness). The beauty of the name of these nouns gives you a hint of how special they can be!

Abstract nouns name realities that cannot be perceived by the senses. Examples are: armonía (harmony), justicia (justice) or miedo (fear).

El olvido juega en contra de la edad.

(Forgetfulness plays against age.)

La sinceridad es lo que más valoro en una persona.

(Sincerity is what I value most in a person.)

Collective Nouns

This is a sub-type of concrete nouns.

Collective nouns are nouns that are used by the individual to designate a collective. The opposite of collective nouns is individual nouns, which in the singular designate a single being or object.

Examples of collective nouns are rebaño (herd – to designate a group of sheep), manada (herd – group of livestock animals) or constelación (constellation – group of stars).

Los toros pastan en manada para preservar su seguridad.

(Bulls graze in a herd to keep them safe.)

El cañaveral florecerá en primavera.

(The reedbed will bloom in spring.)

Mi familia vendrá a cenar por mi cumpleaños.

(My family is coming to dinner for my birthday.)

Examples of individual nouns are lápiz (pencil), frigorífico (fridge) or coche (car).

Expand Your Knowledge

Knowing the names of nouns and how to classify them can help you improve your Spanish vocabulary.

As well as helping you determine the difference between collective, concrete and abstract nouns, knowing the characteristics of a language helps you master it like a native speaker.

What aspect of Spanish grammar do you find most difficult to put into practice? Do you know more types of nouns or more common nouns in Spanish? Tell us in the comments and practice with iScribo.

Spanish as a language

8 Top Jobs Where Knowing Spanish is Helpful

Jobs where knowing Spanish is helpful are the order of the day.

In addition to specific training in a particular area, fluency in more than one language is an additional benefit over other candidates.

Not only in Spanish-speaking countries, but you can also work with the Spanish language practically all over the world. As one of the most widely spoken languages in the world, Spanish language jobs are at the top of the list of the most in-demand positions in the job market.

Read this iScribo article to discover jobs using Spanish on daily basis.

1. Journalism

Whether you are a Spanish speaker or a foreigner with a good knowledge of Spanish, this language opens doors to work in the journalism sector in a large number of countries. Whether as an editor in a foreign subsidiary or as a reporter, Spanish is almost always a prerequisite for working in the news industry.

From America to Asia to Europe, journalism has a job for anyone who speaks Spanish!

2. Education Sector

Spanish is taught as a second language in many countries, such as France, Brazil and Côte d’Ivoire.

Speaking more than one language gives you an advantage over other professionals who only speak one language. Imagine if you teach science in a school in Germany but speak Spanish like a native speaker, you will have a better chance of getting and keeping that job than someone else.

Not only as a teacher but also in the secretarial work in schools, languages such as Spanish are valued.

3. Legal Assistant

The legal and defence sector is on the rise in languages such as Spanish.

We live in an increasingly cosmopolitan world, where migratory flows are increasing every year.

Helping Spanish speakers living or travelling abroad with their legal matters is always an option.

Conversely, if you are a Spanish speaker, you can also help foreigners living or travelling to your country.

The possibilities in this sector are endless: from lawyers to advisors to counsellors.

4. Health Professionals

Almost the same as the previous option. A cosmopolitan world increases the proliferation of migratory flows. Being able to assist anyone in a language you and other people understand increases your chances of being hired.

Nursing, medicine or interpreting are the most in-demand jobs for a Spanish speaker or a person who is fluent in Spanish.

5. Social Worker

Another profession you can benefit from in a world in constant movement.

Guiding foreigners arriving in your country as a Spanish speaker or leading with your experience as a foreigner who speaks and writes perfect Spanish are the best opportunities for this job.

In addition, helping others with their problems and finding a solution on a personal and intimate level is a bonus.

6. Service Sector

As a foreigner who is fluent in Spanish in a Spanish-speaking country, this is your best option.

Jobs in hotel reception, as a tour guide or in the hospitality industry are the most sought-after. If you are fluent in Spanish, you are in luck, as it is more than likely that you will find your place in the tertiary sector.

As a Spanish speaker, you know that you will always have a place in the service sector both at home and abroad.

7. Customer Service

Phone calls are today’s problem solvers. In an increasingly digitised era, face-to-face contact is being replaced by phone calls and video calls.

Working in an after-sales service or in customer service, in general, is one of the sectors in which Spaniards and people with great Spanish knowledge are most in demand.

8. The Business World

Whether in a bank or a multinational company, communication in Spanish with both clients and other companies is more than necessary.

Fluency in Spanish will open the doors of local companies in practically any position in which you have good training and experience. Imagine if the company is large, your opportunities multiply.

Improve your Spanish and Increase your Chances

No matter how you look at it, speaking Spanish is an asset. If you are looking for jobs where knowing Spanish is helpful, prepare your CV along with your cover letter and go for it!

iScribo will help you proofread your CV and suggest improvements to make you stand out from the crowd. Why not give it a try?

Spanish as a language

9 Ideas to Increase your Spanish Vocabulary

Spanish is a very rich language; the RAE dictionary has about one hundred thousand words, of which an ordinary person uses about three hundred a day. A person with a high level of culture can use up to five hundred.

Learning vocabulary in Spanish that is considered more advanced is complicated even for Spanish speakers.

If you wonder what is the best way to improve your Spanish vocabulary, iScribo shows you some tips. They are all compatible, in fact, you will see that you can use them all at the same time and that they complement each other. The more ideas you put into practice, the more you will learn.

1. Identify your Level and Needs

Before you know how to learn Spanish vocabulary, you need to be clear about your level of Spanish. If you are a Spanish speaker, you already know that you have a high level, but this does not always imply that your cultural level is also high. They are very different things and there is nothing wrong if your level is lower than other people’s – nobody is born knowing!

If Spanish is not your mother tongue, think about whether you already know how to express yourself in basic or complex sentences. This will be your starting point.

Once you know your level, think about what kind of conversations you find it hard to express yourself in or what area of knowledge you need to learn vocabulary for.

Do you need to know more medical vocabulary, or do you need to learn economic vocabulary?

2. Practise Every Day

If you are a Spanish speaker, open the dictionary and start learning words that are new to you. Then use them in sentences every day to get your brain used to them.

If Spanish is your second language, practise daily with friends or colleagues and, when you learn a new word, repeat it over and over again in different sentences and contexts.

3. Read and Write

Reading in Spanish helps a lot to learn new vocabulary in this language. Try to decipher the word you don’t know from its context and if not, look it up in the dictionary. Once you know what it means, write it down in a notebook you designate for this purpose or in your mobile phone notes.

Go back to step two and repeat these new words over and over again until you are familiar with them, and they come up naturally in Spanish conversations or texts.

4. Look up Synonyms and Antonyms

The notebook trick comes in handy for writing down synonyms of words and creating associations with them.

Use a word you know and write down synonyms around it so that you internalise the diagram and can use them. This way you will create your own concept map of synonyms.

For example:

                                                BOLSA (economy)


5. Play Games

Thanks to technology and artificial intelligence we can take advantage of our mobile devices to expand our frontiers. There are plenty of single and multiplayer vocabulary games. Download one of them and challenge a friend to a game of word formation.

If you are more traditional, you can use the newspaper every day to do crossword puzzles, you can learn a lot from these.

6. Study the Origin of Words

Knowing where words come from helps you make associations with them. If your native language is different from Spanish, you will find it fun to compare words in the two languages.

Etymology also helps you create word families to expand your vocabulary. Listen, read, look it up, learn and practise.

7. Use Key Ideas

When you see or deliberately look up a word you don’t know, make up three sentences with it and then, without looking at your sentences, rewrite them.

Compare what you have written down at the beginning with what you have written at the end. I assure you that as well as laughing, you will learn.

8. Curiosity DIDN’T Killed the Cat

Be willing to learn all the time. A positive attitude of the initiative will help your senses to be alert and absorb new words more easily.

9. Use iScribo

The daily use of a spelling and grammar checker gives you the advantage of learning in real time. There is nothing like writing in Spanish and having a tool trained by a team of linguists to help you improve.

Not only do the synonyms and antonyms function help, but it also improves phraseology and suggests words that fit better in each context. Try it and tell us about it!

To Practise is to Learn!

You can follow all these tips but I am sure about what is most important of all: never be afraid to make mistakes. Learning Spanish vocabulary means getting out of your comfort zone and that always gives you a bit of respect.

Use the words and make mistakes, this is what teaches you in life. Use iScribo to correct your document as you write so that you can learn and identify what you find most difficult to learn in Spanish. Tell us, do you know any other tips to improve your Spanish vocabulary?

Spanish as a language

6 Christmas Phrases in Spanish for the Festivities

Nothing sounds better than speaking like a Spanish speaker. All languages contain a wide variety of expressions and sayings that enrich their culture.

Be creative this year when wishing a Happy Christmas and a Happy New Year in Spanish. It’s not just about using Christmas phrases in Spanish, but also about using your imagination to surprise the people you love the most.

From Christmas cards to personalised videos, use a proper Spanish Christmas vocabulary this year.

The Funniest Ones

  1. ¡Te ha tocado el gordo!

“El gordo” is the biggest prize in the Spanish Christmas lottery. Precisely because of this, this Christmas expression is used on a daily basis throughout the year to express that someone has had a stroke of luck.

¿Te vas a Santander esta Navidad? ¡Caray! ¡Te ha tocado el gordo!

(Are you going to Santander this Christmas? Blimey, you’ve hit the jackpot!)

2. ¡Es más viejo que los Reyes Magos!

The Three Kings arrive every January 6th to bring presents to children. In Spain, it is very common to find the eternal debate about whether families prefer to receive a visit from Father Christmas or the Three Kings. Well, it seems that the Three Kings continue to win because they have been in the Spanish culture for more years.

Precisely, we use this expression to say that a person is quite old and does not adapt to modern times.

¡No seas más viejo que los Reyes Magos y deja que el niño llegue tarde a casa!

(Don’t be a traditionalist and let the child come home late!)

The Classic Ones

3. Que todos tus deseos se hagan realidad

At Christmas, we all want to wish our loved ones the very best, so as the holidays approach we want them to know that we remember them and that we want them to do well.

This is one of the many ways you can wish your nearest and dearest a Merry Christmas.

Por esta Navidad espero que todos tus deseos se hagan realidad.

(For this Christmas I hope all your wishes come true.)

4. ¡Feliz Navidad y próspero Año Nuevo!

Legend has it that you should wish everyone around you New Year’s greetings for good luck. Whether it is true or not, it is always nice to wish the best to others; they are small actions that enrich the soul and make us happier. Take the opportunity to express to your loved ones what they mean to you.

¡Os deseo a todos feliz Navidad y un próspero Año Nuevo! ¡Brindemos!

(I wish you all a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year! Let’s toast!)

The Gastronomic Ones

5. Salir rodando

I suppose this is the most normal thing in all cultures, but at Christmas, we eat a lot. There is always a multitude of Christmas meals, such as work, family and friends. Some even take the opportunity to go out for dinner with school friends from when they were at high school or with people from the gym.

Well, from eating so much, we put on weight and figuratively, we get fatter and rounder, hence we can “roll around”. This is very common in Spain and Argentina.

Como sigamos comiendo así, vamos a salir rodando.

(If we keep eating like this, we’ll be full as a tick.)

6. Te van a dar las uvas

In Spain and in many Latin American countries, such as Venezuela, Peru, Argentina and Mexico, it is a tradition to eat twelve grapes at midnight on 31st December. It is the best way to say goodbye to the year that is leaving and welcome the new year.

These twelve chimes sound every few seconds, so you have to eat the grapes very quickly with each chime. This expression, therefore, means “to be late”.

¿Has comprado ya los regalos de Navidad? ¡Al final te van a dar las uvas!

(Have you bought your Christmas presents yet? You’re going to be late!)

Enjoy Christmas and write in Spanish

Christmas is a time to be with family and loved ones, but it is also a time to think about new challenges and get excited about new year’s resolutions.

iScribo is here to help you improve your written Spanish so that you can progress with the level you have in this language. Whether you are a native speaker or a beginner, everyone makes mistakes when writing. Try our tool this Christmas and discover its magic, ¡que no te den las uvas! Can you tell us what expressions you know and how you wish your loved ones a Merry Christmas? Leave us a comment and let’s share the most magical time of the year.

Spanish as a language

6 Tips for Giving Positive Feedback to a Colleague at Work

Constructive feedback at work allows us to pursue a given objective.

Feedback at work helps to understand what is done well at work and what can be improved. If the individual in question improves, it will be reflected in the teamwork.

In this form of a conversation between two employees or between manager and employee, they talk about results, which are not always fruitful, how they were achieved and what repercussions they had. Therefore, it is important to focus on speaking positively to trigger an effective result in the person in question.

Remember that the purpose of constructive feedback is for the employee to be motivated and achieve better work results. Giving feedback is not an easy task, especially because it requires great communication skills on the part of the person in charge of conveying the message.

Today, iScribo shows you what are the best responses to employees in a company.

What is Feedback Useful for?

Giving positive feedback to a colleague is very useful:

– It allows you to improve behaviours.

– It recognizes the employee’s effort and commitment.

– You evaluate the employee’s performance.

– You learn the appraisal from other colleagues.

– You look for solutions for the proposed measures.

– You resolve possible labour conflicts.

– The one we like the most: it can lead to a salary increase.

How to Give a Constructive Feedback

1. Define the objectives:

We start from the assumption that the employee is going to face their appraisal, but we have already learned in the previous section that this does not have to be negative feedback.

Define specific, achievable and result-oriented goals for a specific period of time. They also need to be specific to the job itself so that they are realistic.

2. Plan the meeting in person:

It’s all about making the employee feel valued, so give them the time they deserve. After all, you are investing in the future of the company and its position. Feeling appreciated and valued improves motivation and therefore performance.

Another advantage is that by being face-to-face, the employee can see the body language in the meeting and you can witness their reactions first-hand. This avoids confusion and misunderstandings in most cases.

3. Give examples, always

It is very important to let the employee know with examples what they are doing well and what needs to be improved. Assertive and direct communication is much more effective and makes the employee adopt a receptive attitude. This will make them react positively and stimulate their motivation.

4. Use the “sandwich technique

The importance of assertiveness is underestimated. The message will always be the same, the impact of the message will vary depending on how you deliver it.

This technique tries to ensure that negative criticism is not perceived as such, but as an opportunity to see the things you do well and the ability to improve. It consists of giving sincere praise, followed by negative criticism and ending with a positive proposal.

5. Make feedback an ongoing process

Employees need to feel that they are constantly valued and evaluated so that talent management is progressive and systematic. Visual support always helps the message and progress to sink in more quickly and effectively with employees.

6. Emphasise the employee’s strengths

It doesn’t help to know that you make the same mistakes over and over again, but it does produce a positive result to remind the employee of the skills they are best at. Think of it as a learning plan with improvement as a result.

If the employee does some things wrong, you can offer support through training or with the help of other colleagues.

Honesty in the Team

Honesty and real facts help the most as a method of giving feedback about a colleague. Everyone needs a pat on the back from time to time to improve motivation and performance at work.

At iScribo we believe in good work practices, so having top-notch communication is essential in a good work environment. With our spelling and grammar checker you can learn many aspects of Spanish while improving your writing. Visit our website and find out how to use our tool.

Spanish as a language

20 Spanish Suffixes To Sound Like a True Native Speaker

What are suffixes in Spanish? You might be wondering… Well, they are grammatical elements that are added to the end of the lexical root of a word to form a derivative. Thanks to suffixes we can create word families, for example, from an adjective to a noun (felizfelicidad), from a verb to a noun (crearcreación).

Suffixes also help us to express feelings and emotions of all kinds, for example: ¡Qué bonico!

They usually come from Latin and Greek.

There are different types of suffixes in Spanish, as many as there are cities, as their use has a marked geographical tendency. Learn today the types of appreciative suffixes with iScribo.

Augmentative Suffixes in Spanish

They are part of the appreciative suffixes and are used to indicate greater size:

1. -ón/a: cabezona, moratón (big head, big bruise)

2. -ote/a: gordote, altota (very fat, very tall)

3. -azo/a: ojazos, montonazo, tenaza (big eyes, many things, big tongs)

4. -arrón/a: nubarrón, mozarrona (storm cloud, big woman -colloquial-)

5. -ullón/a: grandullón, grandullona (big man, big woman)

Diminutive Suffixes in Spanish

They indicate a smaller size or less affection:

6. -ajo: pequeñajo, boscajo (little one, grove)

7.  -ecito/a: pececito, florecita (little fish, little flower)

8. -illo/a: tonelillo, mariposilla (little cask, little butterfly)

9. -ico/a: bonico, casica (handsome, cosy house)

10. -zuelo/a: cazuela, pozuelo (casserole, bowl)

Derogatory Suffixes in Spanish

They add negative or contemptuous connotations:

11. -acho: poblacho, hilacho (ugly village, loose thread)

12. -ato/a: niñata, cegato (rude girl, sightless)

13. ucho/a: delgaducho, casucha (scrag, unwelcoming house)

14. uzo/a: gentuza, merluzo (bad people, silly person)

15. -aco/a: pajarraco, berraca (big ugly bird, upset person)

Other Types of Suffixes in Spanish

We have the inflectional suffixes, which indicate grammatical inflections:

16. -o/a: maestro, maestra (indicates gender – ‘teacher’)

17. -ndo: cantar and cantando, coser and cosiendo (indicates gerund mood from the infinitive form – ‘sing’ and ‘singing’, ‘sew’ and ‘sewing’)

There are also derivational suffixes, which we can use to form word families:

18. -ísimo/a: rápido and rapidísimo, contenta and contentísima (adjectives that come from other adjectives – ‘fast’ and ‘very fast’, ‘happy’ and ‘very happy’)

19. -ente: dormir and durmiente, vivir and viviente (adjectives that come from verbs – ‘sleep’ and ‘sleepy’, ‘live’ and ‘living’)

20. -ría: tonto and tontería (nouns that come from adjectives – ‘silly’ and ‘nonsense’)

Search for Words and ACTION!

Suffixes follow the rules of coherence. Bear in mind that a person from Extremadura will say ¡qué pequeñino! (how little!) and a person from Andalusia will say ¡qué pequeñito!

Both people are expressing the same thing but with the most frequent suffixes of their land. Imagine if we include the rest of the Spanish-speaking countries.

Don’t be discouraged by the formation of suffixes, yes, we know there are a lot of them, but they are also the most flexible grammatical part of Spanish. Remember that diversity is richness.

You can practice the suffixes with iScribo’s orthographic and grammar checker to learn new possibilities and correct the ones you are using incorrectly. Check it out with our artificial intelligence-based tool.

Spanish as a language

20+ Onomatopoeias in Spanish – Ran Rataplán!

Have you ever wondered what rain sounds like, or an object falling?

All languages use words that imitate or recreate the sound of the thing or action in question. They are an expressive resource that is both powerful and fun, bringing together an idea or situation in very little space.

This is what we call onomatopoeias and, as you will see, they apply to practically everything, including animal sounds.

We won’t keep you any longer, bla, bla, bla, bla. Below you will find a list of onomatopoeias for you to practise.

Animal sound onomatopoeias

1. ¡Beeee!: Sheep’s bleat.

2. ¡Quiquiriquí!: Cock crow.

3. ¡Co, co, co!: Cackle of the hen.

4. ¡Cucú!: Cuckoo’s song.

5. ¡On, on!: Squawk of the goose.

6. ¡Hiiii!: Horse’s neigh.

7. ¡Zzzzzz!: Buzzing of bees.

8. ¡Uuuu, uuuuu!: Hoot of the owl.

Some phrases with examples of onomatopoeia are:

¡Cri, cri! Nadie me contesta cuando hablo.

 (Chirp chirp! Nobody answers me when I talk.)

¡Los cerdos no paran de hacer ruido! ¡Oink, oink!

(The pigs won’t stop making noise! Oink, oink!)

Instrument onomatopoeias

9. ¡Ran rataplán!: Drum.

10. ¡Ria-pitá!: Castanets.

11. ¡Tururú!: Cornet.

12. ¡Tin, tin!: Triangle.

13. ¡Chin, chin!: Cymbals.

Note that some sounds can be expressed in different ways:

¡Se acercan los tambores por allí! ¿Los escuchas, tantarantán?

(The drums are coming that way, do you hear them, boom bang bang?)

Onomatopoeias of objects

14. ¡Rin, rin!: The sound of the doorbell.

15. ¡Ji, ji, ji!: Contained laughter.

16. ¡Plic, plic! Soft rain.

17. ¡Achís!: Sneeze.

18. ¡Buuuuum!: Gunshot.

19. ¡Puaj!: Disgust.

20. ¡Ra-ta-tá!; ¡ra-ta-tá!: Machine gun.

21. ¡Bua, bua!: Crying of a baby.

22. ¡Chap, chap!: Splashing.

23. ¡Paf!: Slap.

24. ¡Tachán!: Surprise.

25. ¡Ñam, ñam!: Eat.

¡Ejem, ejem! ¿Me prestáis atención?

(Ahem, ahem! May I have your attention?)

Practise, Invent and Laugh with Onomatopoeia

Onomatopoeias give free rein to the imagination. Many of them are obvious, such as animal sounds. However, others are more elaborate, such as the sounds of instruments.

Don’t worry, if you ever make one up, I’m sure you’ll be understood. Onomatopoeias are still creative resources. And remember, when two words are repeated in the onomatopoeia in Spanish, use a comma to separate them. Use iScribo’s spelling and grammar checker to help you express yourself in Spanish, you’ll see how it corrects your mistakes in real-time. Brrrrum, brrrum, brrrum, what are you waiting for?

Spanish as a language

A Guide To Master The Use Of Que In Spanish

Dequeismo is an improper use of the preposition de before the conjunction que in Spanish when the preposition is not required by any word in the sentence and needs an immediate grammar correction.

The opposite phenomenon, not using de after que when the rule requires it, is called queismo and it is one of the most frequent grammatical errors.

Situations in which Dequeismo Occurs

1. De + subordinate clause with attributive functions with the verb ser:

Incorrect: Lo que Juan quiere es de que vengas.

Correct: Lo que Juan quiere es que vengas.

(What Juan wants is for you to come.)

2. De + subject noun subordinate clause:

Incorrect: No entiendo de que no hayas terminado los deberes.

Correct: No entiendo que no hayas terminado los deberes.

(I don’t understand that you haven’t finished your homework.)

3. De + inappropriate preposition:

Incorrecto: Pensé de que vinieras.

Correcto: Pensé en que vinieras.

(I thought about you coming.)

4. De + verbs of speech:

Incorrect: Te comunico de que tienes cita mañana.

Correct: Te comunico que tienes cita mañana.

(I inform you that you have an appointment tomorrow.)

5. De + conjunctive locutions without a preposition:

Incorrect:  Una vez de que llegues, haremos la cena.

Correct: Una vez que llegues, haremos la cena.

(Once you arrive, we will have dinner.)

Examples of Dequeismo

Mind you! They are all INCORRECT:

1. Opinaba de que tenía razón. (He believed he was right.)

2. Creo de que es lo más justo para todos. (I think it’s the fairest thing for everyone.)

3. Pienso de que podrías acompañarle al cine. (I think you could go with him to the cinema.)

4. Le comunico de que debe acudir a la cita cinco minutos antes. (I’ll tell him that he has to be there five minutes early.)

5. Los bomberos impidieron de que el fuego destruyera la casa. (The firemen prevented the fire from destroying the house.)

6. Me imagino de que tengo más dinero en casa. (I think I have more money at home.)

7. Te aconsejo de que trabajes ahora todo lo que sea posible. (I advise you to work as much as possible now.)

8. Le pidió de que dejara de decir tonterías. (He asked her to stop talking nonsense.)

9. El objetivo fue de que viniera el máximo posible de gente. (The aim was to get as many people as possible to come.)

10. Confío de que ganará la competición. (I am confident that he will win the competition.)

Learn Spanish Grammar

It is not complicated at all, it is simply a matter of following the Spanish language course and practising some exercises about que in Spanish.

The dequeismo grammatical errors occur in many Spanish-speaking areas and are used by many native Spanish speakers. For example, in the south of Santiago de Chile, dequeismo is often used. In the eastern part of Spain, around Valencia, as well. We can find some studies of the phenomenon in the cultured areas of Havana, Cuba.

Finally, here are two tricks that will help you to identify the dequeismo without having to think too much about the grammar correction:

1. Turn the sentence into a question:

¿De qué piensas?  (What are you thinking about?)

Indeed, there is a dequeismo here.

2. Replace the noun subordinate clause with “eso” (that):

Pienso de eso. (I think of that.) Of course, there is a dequeismo here too!

Spanish as a language

The Ultimate Guide About Ser & Estar

Today we bring you an article about one of the most basic parts of Spanish grammar – the verbs ‘ser’ and ‘estar’.

‘Ser’ and ‘Estar’ conjugations can be tricky. Do you often get confused with these two verbs? Don’t worry, today we help you to differentiate them by means of some easy-to-remember rules so that you don’t have any doubts when using them.

Quality or state?

Ser is used to express the permanent quality of something and estar is used to express some temporary state:

Eres inteligente. (You are smart.)

Estoy en el supermercado. (I’m in the supermarket.)

To talk about a person’s character in general, use ser. For a temporary state of mind use estar.

Marcos es alto. (Marcos is tall.)

Marcos está simpático hoy. (Marcos is nice today.)

To talk about the place you come from use ser and to talk about the place you visit use estar:

Son de Perú. (They are from Peru.)

Estáis en Perú. (You are in Peru.)

Main uses of the verb ser

1. To express the place where a person comes from, as well as the nationality, or the material of an object:

¿Eres de Madeira, Portugal? (Are you from Madeira, Portugal?)

La botella es de vidrio. (The bottle is made of glass.)

2. To identify or define a person or an object:

Aquel chico es mi vecino. (That boy is my neighbour.)

La casa de Alberto es verde por fuera. (Alberto’s house is green on the outside.)

3. To express permanent qualities of a person or thing:

En nuestro grupo somos budistas. (In our group we are Buddhists.)

¿Vosotros sois de Argentina? (Are you from Argentina?)

4. To express profession:

Aún soy estudiante. (I am still a student.)

Los ponentes son farmacéuticos. (The speakers are pharmacists.)

5. To express possession:

Ese ordenador es de Pedro. (That computer belongs to Pedro.)

El coche que viene por allí es de Marta. (The car coming that way belongs to Marta.)

Main uses of the verb estar

1. To express actions that are taking place at the moment:

Papá está haciendo la cena. (Dad is making dinner.)

Carolina y Juan están en el cine. (Carolina and Juan are at the cinema.)

2. To express a temporary state:

No te acerques mucho que estoy resfriada. (Don’t come too close, I have a cold.)

La sopa está muy fría. (The soup is very cold.)

3. To express emotions:

Estamos encantados con la casa nueva. (We are delighted with the new house.)

¿También estáis cansados? (Are you tired too?)

4. To say whether a person, plant or animal is alive or not:

La avista está viva. (The wasp is alive.)

Los animales están muertos por culpa del incendio. (The animals are dead because of the fire.)

5. To express a temporal location:

Martín está en el autobús. (Martin is on the bus.)

Estamos en la fiesta del verano. (We are at the summer party.)

Listen and practise

You will undoubtedly find that reading, speaking, writing, and listening are keys to understanding the difference between the verbs ‘ser’ and ‘estar’.

Remember that, if you have doubts when it comes to writing, iScribo helps you to make the right decision.

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